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Female Circumcision in Islam

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Assalaam alaikum,

Is Female Circumcision Obligatory in Islam?

I have heard a lot on Female Circumcision and that it is practised in some countries. I have also heard that due to the procedure not carried out correctly in some cases, there are reports of girls suffering since it has an impact on their health and can even cause death. We have also seen cases of deaths reported in the media.

JazakAllah 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

There should be a distinction made between female circumcision and genital mutilation. According to Shari’ah, genital mutilation is impermissible.[1]

Female circumcision, on the other hand, is permissible.[2]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Saad Haque

Student Darul Iftaa
New Jersey, USA 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] وَلَأُضِلَّنَّهُمْ وَلَأُمَنِّيَنَّهُمْ وَلَآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُبَتِّكُنَّ آذَانَ الْأَنْعَامِ وَلَآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُغَيِّرُنَّ خَلْقَ اللَّهِ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَّخِذِ الشَّيْطَانَ وَلِيًّا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ خَسِرَ خُسْرَانًا مُبِينًا (٤/١١٩)

صحيح البخاري ٢٤٧٤ 

حدثنا آدم بن أبي إياس، حدثنا شعبة، حدثنا عدي بن ثابت، سمعت عبد الله بن يزيد الأنصاري، – وهو جده أبو أمه – قال: «نهى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عن النهبى والمثلة»

[2] مسند أحمد ٢٠٧١٩

حدثنا سريج، حدثنا عباد يعني ابن العوام، عن الحجاج، عن أبي المليح بن أسامة، عن أبيه، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: «الختان سنة للرجال، مكرمة للنساء» لكن إسناده ضعيف.

تبيين الحقائق شرح كنز الدقائق وحاشية الشلبي (6/ 227) 

وَخِتَانُ الْمَرْأَةِ لَيْسَ بِسُنَّةٍ، وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ مَكْرُمَةٌ لِلرِّجَالِ لِأَنَّهُ أَلَذُّ فِي الْجِمَاعِ، وَقِيلَ سُنَّةٌ،

فتاوی رحیمیہ (10/135) – اشاعت

قوی یہ ہے کہ عورتوں کی ختنہ سنت نہیں ہے۔

For more information on this topic, refer to the following;

http://www.askimam.org/public/question_detail/35556

http://www.askimam.org/public/question_detail/19678

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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