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What is the minimum age for a child to offer salah with jamah?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com
I went to the mosque along with my eleven year old son to offer salah with jamah. My son was in extreme right in the second saf. The imam asked me to take the child out of the mosque. When I told him that he was in a corner of saf, the imam said not to offer salah until he is out of the saf. Please, let me know what is the actual age of a child to offer salah with jamah?


(Fatwa: 1093/919/B=1432)

The Imam is not right in saying that salah shall not be valid until minor child does not go out of the mosque. The ruling regarding the minor children is that their saf (row) shall be made behind adults. But if there is space in the saf of adults and any minor child comes he can stand in the available space.
إن لم يكن جمع من الصبيان يقوم الصبى بين الرجال (مراقى الفلاح 308)
Likewise, if there is only one minor child he shall stand in the saf of adults.
يصفهم الإمام بأن أمرهم بذلك الرجال ثم الصبيان ، … فلو واحدا دخل فى الصف (رد المختار 1/568)

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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