Wiping Over Shoes?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

Answered by Shaykh Ilyas Patel

I am really confused about something, I think (and I may have misinterpreted) that when doing wudu one can wipe over shoes would they have to have wudu before putting shoes on? Also if one does wudu in this manner (if it is permissible) would we have to pray wearing shoes or can we take our shoes off if we want? Is it permissible to wear an under layer (i.e. regular socks) under one’s Leather socks (khufayn?

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Imam Ibn Nujaym mentioned in Bahr al Ra’iq, a central reference work in Hanafi fiqh, regarding wearing under socks as follows:

“One comes to know the permissibility of masah on leather socks which one wears over socks made of cotton or a broadcloth etc which are in themselves not  permissible to do masah over . ” (Taken from Ahsan al Fatawa, 2: 65)

Leather Boots

Q . Is it permissible to do masah on leather boots, which cover your ankles? Can you please give me the Shafi’i position on this, if able to?

  Ibn Abidin mentioned in Radd al Muhtar that:

  It says in Bahr quoting Miraaj that: “And it is permissible (to do masah) over boots (jaaruq) which are split from the top and has laces, strings to tighten it and close the split . Because of this it is like as if it has no split or tear. (Ibn Abidin, Radd al Muhtaar, 1: 261-262)

  Because all three conditions are met with in boots it would be permissible to do masah over them . However, because of either one is wearing shoes, or them getting dirty or bad respect, one should not perform salat with them without true need.

  The Shafi`i opinion mentioned in Reliance of the Traveller:

“No matter whether they (wiping footgear) are of leather, felt, layers  of rags, wood, or other; nor whether they have a cleavage laced up with eyelets (provided none of the foot shows) . (Sh. Nuh Keller, Reliance of the Traveller, 69)

And Allah knows best.

Shaykh Ilyas Patel

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