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Bank lease & Zakaat?

Someone has bought a building in which a bank is leasing already. The Bank has a long term lease and cannot be removed. Is the rental income that the bank pays halal or is it advisable for them to sell the building?

Also Zaid is eligable for zakaat (as does not have a source of income/fuqaraa). He lives with his parents, but his wife and parents don’t get along. Can he ask for more Zakaat money to buy a house of his own (even if money reaches more than nisaab?), will accepting more money (for house) be permissible for him?
can Salim give Zaid zakaat enough to buy a home, and have his fardh (of distributing zakaat) completed?

Will Zaid be counted as a Fuqaraa, if he lives with his parents and his parents are quite rich, even though he himself has no income?

Answer
Bismihi Ta’ala

1) Your question is related to whether it is permissible to lease your property to a bank company.

Mufti Rasheed Ahmad Ludhyanwi writes: “To lease a property to a bank is Makrooh Tahreemi, however, to give it to a Non-Muslim is Makrooh Tanzeehi.

If he makes the condition that the rent will be paid through Halaal funds then still the leasing will be Makrooh, however, he would be saving himself from Haraam funds, he will only be sinful for the leasing transaction”. (Ahsan al-Fataawa, p. 305, v. 7)

It is advisable for him to sell it to avoid a Makrooh transaction, as a Makrooh that is persistently practised becomes Haraam.

2) a) Zaid can still be considered a Faqeer, eligible for Zakaah funds, even if he lives with his parents, providing he meets the definition. He does not possess wealth of any kind that maybe equivalent to that of the Nisaab rate.

b) It is Makrooh to give Zaid an amount so high as Zakaah that would make him a possessor of Nisaab. (Ahsan al-Fataawa, p. 304, v. 4) In your question you mentioned Salim giving Zaid enough money for him to buy a home as Zakaah, this would be Makrooh, as obviously this amount would exceed the Nisaab amount.

c) If Salim gave an amount as such, it would be Makrooh, however, his Zakaat has been fulfilled.

And Allah knows best.

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Mufti Yaseen Shaikh

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This answer was collected from MuftiSays.com, based in London (UK). It is one of the fruits of Darul Uloom London. Many ‘ulama are involved in answering the Q&A on the site, including: Shaikul Hadeeth Mufti Umar Farooq Sahib, Mufti Saifur Rahman Sahib, Mufti Abdullah Patel Sahib, Maulana Qamruz Zaman Sahib, Mufti Abu Bakr Karolia Sahib.

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