I live in China and I have to work here till February next year insha Allah. My wife is pregnant and its becoming difficult for her to manage here alone and she wants to go back to India for the delivery of the child, the reason being her loneliness and bepardagi (Hijaab) because of male doctors. Its expensive for me to go with her and then come back and join my job here in China. Is there any relaxation in sending her alone through some direct airline? I would take her to the airport in Burqah and she will be picked up by her relatives there in India. Can my wife travel alone?

Q: I live in China and I have to work here till February next year insha Allah. My wife is pregnant and its becoming difficult for her to manage here alone and she wants to go back to India for the delivery of the child, the reason being her loneliness and bepardagi (Hijaab) because of male doctors. Its expensive for me to go with her and then come back and join my job here in China. Is there any relaxation in sending her alone through some direct airline? I would take her to the airport in Burqah and she will be picked up by her relatives there in India. Can my wife travel alone?

Bismillaah

A: Severe warnings have been sounded in the Ahaadith for a woman travelling without a mahram. Though you will leave her at the airport and she will be picked up by her relatives in India, however since she is travelling throughout the journey without a mahram, it is impermissible.

عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا تسافر المرأة ثلاثة أيام إلا مع ذي محرم (بخاري #1086)

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “It is impermissible for a woman to travel for the distance of safar except in the case where she is accompanied by a mahram.” (Bukhaari #1086)

عن أبى سعيد قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يحل لامرأة تؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر أن تسافر سفرا فوق ثلاثة أيام فصاعدا إلا ومعها أبوها أو أخوها أو زوجها أو ابنها أو ذو محرم منها (أبو داود رقم 1728 – ترمذي رقم 1169)

Hazrat Abu Saeed (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah Ta’ala and the day of qiyamat to travel for the distance of safar or more without a mahram. However if she travels with her father, brother, husband, son or any other mahram, it will be permissible.” (Tirmizi #1169, Abu Dawood  #1728) 

وعن ابن عمر قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم سفر المرأة مع عبدها ضيعة (مجمع الزوائد #5302)

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “A woman travelling with her slave (or any other na mahram) is destruction to her Deen.” (Majmuz Zawaaid #5302)

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

الحرة لا تسافر ثلاثة أيام بلا محرم (رد المحتار ​6/390)

( و ) مع ( زوج أو محرم ) ولو عبدا أو ذميا أو برضاع ( بالغ ) قيد لهما كما في النهر بحثا ( عاقل والمراهق كبالغ ) جوهرة … لامرأة حرة ولو عجوزا في سفر

و قال في الشامي​ة : قوله ( حرة ) … أشار به إلى أن ما استفيد من المقام من عدم جواز السفر للمرأة إلا بزوج أو محرم خاص بالحرة, قوله ( في سفر ) هو ثلاثة أيام ولياليها (رد المحتار 2/464)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)