Performing salaah in the Hateem

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: I have a question regarding the Hateem. Please assist.

The following riwayats come in Musnad-e-Ahmad, Abu Dawood and a few other famous Hadith books

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روي عمرو بن حزم قال: رآني رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم متكئا على قبر. فقال: «لا تؤذ صاحب هذا القبر.» أو «لاتؤذه» رواه أحمد بإسناد صحيح. وعن أبي هريرة قال، قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «لأن يجلس أحدكم على جمرة فتحرق ثيابه فتخلص إلى جلده خير له من أن يجلس على قبر

From the above Ahaadith we understand that it is disrespectful to sit or stand on a grave. There are also many Tareekhi narrations that I have come across regarding the burial place of Hazrat Ismaaeel and Hazrat Haajar (alaimhimas salaam) that it is in the Hateem of the Ka’bah Shareef (albiet I am unsure of the strength of the narrations). There is also the narration of Hazrat Ummul Mumineen

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ كُنْتُ أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَدْخُلَ الْبَيْتَ فَأُصَلِّيَ فِيهِ فَأَخَذَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِيَدِي فَأَدْخَلَنِي فِي الْحِجْرِ فَقَالَ : صَلِّي فِي الْحِجْرِ إِذَا أَرَدْتِ دُخُولَ الْبَيْتِ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ قَطْعَةٌ مِنْ الْبَيْتِ فَإِنَّ قَوْمَكِ اقْتَصَرُوا حِينَ بَنَوْا الْكَعْبَةَ فَأَخْرَجُوهُ مِنْ الْبَيْتِ

How do we reconcile between these narrations and will performing salaah in the Hateem be tantamount to disrespecting the graves of Hazrat Ismaeel (alaihis salaam) and his respected Mother?

Bismillaah

A: Islaam is not based on speculation and guesswork. As long as there is no confirmation, we will not assume that we are performing salaah on the graves of these great personalities. The great muhaddith of the hanafi mazhab, Hazrat Mulla Ali Al-Qaari (Rahimahullah), has quoted Allamah Muhammad ibnul Jazri saying: “Besides the blessed grave of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) the exact places where the graves of the Ambiyaa are located are not known.”

Apart from this, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the Sahaabah throughout their lives, performed salaah in the Hateem and in the Masjid-e-Haraam. Hence, it is permissible for us to perform salaah in these mubaarak places.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

قال الشيخ محمد بن الجزري لا يصح تعيين قبر نبي غير قبر نبينا صلى الله عليه وسلم نعم سيدنا إبراهيم عليه السلام في تلك القرية المسماة بالخليل لا بخصوص تلك البقعة انتهى وكأنه فيه إشارة إلى أن لا وجود لنور القمر والكواكب بعد ظهور ضياء الشمس وإيماء إلى نسخ سائر الأديان في جميع البلدان والأزمان.( المصنوع في معرفة الحديث الموضوع صـ 229)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

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