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Believing that the deceased have the ability and power to administrate the affairs of the world

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: I have a question in regards to Shirk. Can a Muslim be a mushrik. Let me define this Muslim first. 1, He accepts Allah and all his messenger are on haq 2, He accept all four books were from Allah and there is a life after death, day of judgement, heaven and hell. 3, He also follow the five pillars of Islam. Following all above this and he has firm faith on this. But still he goes to dargahs and asks directly from the one who is in the grave and has faith that the person whoever is in the grave will help him and listen to him and cure his problem and does all kinds of shirk. If he dies in that state doing shirk and thinking that as a worship, will he be going to jahannum forever or will he be punished for a particular period of time like those people who do haraam will get punished and then back to Jannah. Like Allah Ta’ala said I will forgive all sin except shirk. Can we consider that Muslim man’s act as shirk or is this different?

Bismillaah

A: Believing that the deceased have the ability and power to administrate the affairs of the world according to their own will and have the power to independently cure people is committing shirk in the attributes of Allah Ta’ala. Such a person will come out of the fold of Islam.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

في  البزازية قال علماؤنا من قال أرواح المشايخ حاضرة تعلم يكفر (البحر الرائق 5/134 ، مجمع الأنهر 1/691)

ومنها أنه إن ظن أن الميت يتصرف في الأمور دون الله تعالى كفر (حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح ص693)

واعلم أن النذر الذي يقع للأموات من أكثر العوام وما يؤخذ من الدراهم والشمع والزيت ونحوها إلى ضرائح الأولياء الكرام تقربا إليهم فهو بالإجماع باطل وحرام ما لم يقصدوا صرفها لفقراء الأنام وقد ابتلى الناس بذلك

قال الشامي: قوله ( باطل وحرام ) لوجوه منها أنه نذر لمخلوق والنذر للمخلوق لا يجوز لأنه عبادة والعبادة لا تكون لمخلوق ومنها أن المنذور له ميت والميت لا يملك ومنها أنه  اللهم إلا إن قال يا الله إني نذرت لك إن شفيت مريضي أو رددت غائبي أو قضيت حاجتي أن أطعم الفقراء الذين بباب السيدة نفيسة أو الإمام الشافعي أو الإمام الليث أو أشتري حصرا لمساجدهم أو زيتا لوقودها أو دراهم لمن يقوم بشعائرها إلى غير ذلك مما يكون فيه نفع للفقراء والنذر لله عز وجل (رد المحتار 2/439)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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