SALAH ACCORDING TO THE SHAFI SCHOOL OF THOUGHT

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

HOW TO PERFORM SALAH ACCORDING TO THE SHAFI SCHOOL OF THOUGHT

NIYYAH

• Make Niyyat (Intention) of whichever Salah one wishes to perform.

TAKBEER TAHREEMA

After making NIYYAH, lift the two hands up to the shoulders in such a manner that both palms face towards the Qibla.

Then say ALLAHU AKBAR and fold them beneath the chest according to al- Wasit and Kitab al-Umm.

A second opinion of Imam Shafi, as mentioned in al-Hawi, is that the hands should be placed directly on the chest.  

NOW READ THE ???? AND ????? :

?????? ????? ? ????? ? ????? ???? ? ????? ??? ? ?? ??? ????

– ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ? ???? ? ????? ? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ? ???? ???? ? ??? ??? ????????

Then read:             

???? ????? ?? ??????? ??????

Then read:

??? ???? ?????? ??????

It is wajib to recite both the ???? and .?????

??? ???? ?????? ?????? should be read quietly by the Imam in silent prayers but audibly in the audible prayers.

Then:

Recite Surah al-Fatiha.

After reciting Surah al-Fatiha say AAMEEN.

The Imam should say ameen silently during the silent prayers but audibly in the audible prayers.

The Muqtadees should say ameen audibly in the audible prayers and silently in the silent prayers, another opinion of Imam Shafi is that the Muqtadees should say ameen silently in all prayers.

NOTE: Imam Shafi’s popular view is that it is necessary for the follower to recite Surat al-Fatiha in both types of prayers- audible as well as silent. This view, although being the popular one, is not necessarily his final opinion. A careful study of his works reveals this opinion to be his former view, as Ibn Qudama states in his book al-Mughni (1:601). The words of Imam Shafi, as relayed in his book al-Umm, inform us that it is not necessary for the muqtadi to recite Surat al-Fatiha in the audible prayers; however, it should be recited in the silent prayers. He writes:

And we say that the follower should recite in every prayer performed behind an imam in which the imam recites in a non-audible tone (Kitab al-Umm 7:153 U).

Al-Umm is one of imam Shafi’s later works, as affirmed by Hafiz Ibn Kathir in his al- Bidaya wa’l-nihaya (10:252) and ‘Allama Suyuti in his Husn al-Muhadhara. This indicates that what is understood from al-Umm is his later opinion, which in most cases is the more correct one.        

Then recite BISMILLAHIR RAHMAANIR RAHEEM and any Surah thereafter.

Then raise hands to shoulders, say Allahu Akbar and go into RUKU.

It is sunnah to recite tasbeeh in Ruku, however, there is no fixed tasbeeh according to the Shafi School of thought.

NOTE: It is sunnah to say Allahu Akbar when lowering or raising from one posture to another with the exception of raising from Ruku.

Now stand up straight from RUKU and again raise hands to shoulders whilst coming up say:

??? ???? ??? ????

Then in the upright position say:

???? ?? ?????

FIRST SAJDAH (prostration)

Now saying ALLAHU AKBAR go into Sajdah

When going into Sajdah first place the KNEES on the ground, then the HANDS.

Ones hands should be parallel to shoulders in Sajdah.

The ARMS should not touch the sides of the BODY nor the ground. The STOMACH should be away from the THIGHS.

• In Sajdah one may recite any tasbeeh/dua.

JALSA (To sit between two Sajdahs)

Saying ALLAHU AKBAR sit up straight, do not sit with the back crooked or stooped.

One should sit in the iftirash position in Jalsa i.e. to place the left foot on its side and to sit on it; and to keep the right foot vertical, while resting on the bottom of the toes, turning them towards the qibla.

SECOND SAJDAH

The second Sajdah is performed as the first one, i.e. going into Sajdah saying ALLAHU AKBAR and reciting any tasbeeh or dua in Sajdah.

ONE RAKAAT IS NOW COMPLETE

SECOND RAK’AH

Say ALLAHU AKBAR and stand up for the second Rak’ah.

When getting up from Sajdah first lift the FOREHEAD, then the NOSE and then the KNEES. Ensure that the HANDS are on the KNEES and not on the ground for support, except for a valid reason.

Once stood up say BISMILLAHIR RAHMANIR RAHEEM recite SURAH Al-FATIHA and another Surah then COMPLETE THE SECOND RAK’AH IN THE SAME MANNER AS THE FIRST ONE

FIRST QA’DAH

After completing the Second Sajdah of the second Rak’ah say ALLAHU AKBAR and sit up for Qa’dah.

If this is the first sitting one should sit in the iftirash position like in Jalsa .

 If this is the last sitting then one must sit in the position of tawarruk, (i.e. when a person sits with his left posterior on the ground; his right foot placed vertically with toes pointing towards the qibla; and the left foot on its side emerging from under the right foot).

TASHAHHUD:

Once sat in the posture of Qa’dah one should recite the tashahhud:

??????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ? ???? ???? ? ?????? ?????? ????? ? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??? ???? ? ???? ?? ????? ???? ? ????? 

This tashahhud is from the narration of Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him).

NOTE: It is Sunnah to recite the tashahhud in the first sitting (???? ???? ) but wajib in the second sitting (???? ?????).

THIRD AND FOURTH RAK’AHS

If one wishes to perform 3 or 4 Rak’ahs one should not read anything more than the TASHAHHUD, then say ALLAHU AKBAR stand up and perform the remaining Rak’ahs.

SECOND QA’DAH

In the second Qa’dah after the Tashahhud read DUROODE IBRAHIM:

????? ?? ??? ???? ? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ????

 ????? ???? ??? ???? ? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ????

THE DU’AS AFTER DUROOD

After the Durood recite this Du’aa:

????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????

SALAAM

Complete the Salah by turning the face to the right saying:

?????? ????? ? ???? ????

Then turn the face to the left, and repeat the Salaam:

?????? ????? ? ???? ????

Only Allah Knows Best

Written by Molana Yusuf Zaman

Checked and Approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

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