What is Zakat due Upon?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham


Answered by: Maulana Muddasser Dhedhy​


Question


I am married and unemployed with a two-year-old baby girl. My husband filed a divorce against me but am not yet divorced. I am staying with my parents and my father is taking care of all my expenses.


It is Ramadan now how should I pay zakat for my gold? Should I pay zakat for the things I own (clothes, food, toys etc.) which my father paid for? Is zakat calculated only for gold, house, car and land or the entire things at home like table, tv, mobile, sofa etc?


 


بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم


In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful 


 


Answer


 


In order for Zakat to be wajib (compulsory) on a person, they must have money equivalent to the nisaab (after deducting any debts upon them) for the duration of one lunar year.[1]


If the above conditions are met, Zakat will be due on the gold you possess. You can calculate the value of your gold and then give 2.5% of that value in Zakat.[2]


As for basic necessities (clothes, food, house, car, land, furniture, mobile) or items in daily use (toys, TV), no Zakat is due on them.[3] 


 


 


Only Allah Ta’ala knows best


Written by Maulana Muddasser Dhedhy


Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah


Darul Ifta Birmingham


 



[1] (وَمِنْهَا كَوْنُ الْمَالِ نِصَابًا) فَلَا تَجِبُ فِي أَقَلَّ مِنْهُ هَكَذَا فِي الْعَيْنِيِّ شَرْحِ الْكَنْزِ.)الفتاوى الهندية ج 1 ص 189 دار الكتب العلمية)


(وَمِنْهَا الْفَرَاغُ عَنْ الدَّيْنِ) قَالَ أَصْحَابُنَا – رَحِمَهُمْ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى -: كُلُّ دَيْنٍ لَهُ مُطَالِبٌ مِنْ جِهَةِ الْعِبَادِ يَمْنَعُ وُجُوبَ الزَّكَاةِ سَوَاءٌ كَانَ الدَّيْنُ لِلْعِبَادِ كَالْقَرْضِ وَثَمَنِ الْبَيْعِ وَضَمَانِ الْمُتْلَفَاتِ وَأَرْشِ الْجِرَاحَةِ، وَسَوَاءٌ كَانَ الدَّيْنُ مِنْ النُّقُودِ أَوْ الْمَكِيلِ أَوْ الْمَوْزُونِ أَوْ الثِّيَابِ أَوْ الْحَيَوَانِ وَجَبَ بِخُلْعٍ أَوْ صُلْحٍ عَنْ دَمِ عَمْدٍ، وَهُوَ حَالٌّ أَوْ مُؤَجَّلٌ أَوْ لِلَّهِ – تَعَالَى – كَدَيْنِ الزَّكَاةِ. )الفتاوى الهندية ج 1 ص 190 دار الكتب العلمية)


[2] تَجِبُ فِي كُلِّ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ خَمْسَةُ دَرَاهِمَ، وَفِي كُلِّ عِشْرِينَ مِثْقَالِ ذَهَبٍ نِصْفُ مِثْقَالٍ مَضْرُوبًا كَانَ أَوْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَصُوغًا أَوْ غَيْرَ مَصُوغٍ حُلِيًّا كَانَ لِلرِّجَالِ أَوْ لِلنِّسَاءِ تِبْرًا كَانَ أَوْ سَبِيكَةً كَذَا فِي الْخُلَاصَةِ. )الفتاوى الهندية ج 1 ص 196 دار الكتب العلمية)


[3] (وَمِنْهَا فَرَاغُ الْمَالِ) عَنْ حَاجَتِهِ الْأَصْلِيَّةِ فَلَيْسَ فِي دُورِ السُّكْنَى وَثِيَابِ الْبَدَنِ وَأَثَاثِ الْمَنَازِلِ وَدَوَابِّ الرُّكُوبِ وَعَبِيدِ الْخِدْمَةِ وَسِلَاحِ الِاسْتِعْمَالِ زَكَاةٌ، وَكَذَا طَعَامُ أَهْلِهِ وَمَا يَتَجَمَّلُ بِهِ مِنْ الْأَوَانِي إذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ مِنْ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ، وَكَذَا الْجَوْهَرُ وَاللُّؤْلُؤُ وَالْيَاقُوتُ والبلخش وَالزُّمُرُّدُ وَنَحْوُهَا إذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ لِلتِّجَارَةِ. )الفتاوى الهندية ج 1 ص 190 دار الكتب العلمية)


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