Is the Prophet, Malik of Jannah?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham


Answered by:  Alimah Nasima Umm Hamza​


Question:


Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah


Is it okay to say Allah is Khaliq of Jannah, but Nabi kareemﷺ is the Malik of it?


Answer:


 


In The Name Of Allah, The Most-Merciful, The Most Kind


 


 


From the Divine Names and Attributes of Allah (swt), we find that He (swt) possesses both the names of Al-Khaliq (the Creator) and Al-Malik (the King and Owner). Allah (swt) is the King and the Owner of everything which is in the heavens and the earth. It is not permitted for anyone to use these names, So we cannot say that the Prophet (pbuh) is the Malik of Jannah.


 


Narrated Abu Huraira:


I heard Allah’sMessenger () saying, “Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, ‘I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?”‘ [[1]]


 


Allah’s Messenger () said:


“The most wretched person in the sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection and the worst person and target of His wrath would of the person who is called Malik al-Amlak (the King of Kings) for there is no king but Allah.” [[2]]


 


With regards to the status of the Prophet (pbuh) in Jannah, Allah (swt) – Al-Malik – will place him (pbuh) in a higher status than all of the rest of creation by His Divine Will called al-Wasilah, and He (swt) will grant the Prophet (pbuh) the ability to intercede for others on the Day of Judgement.


 


TheMessengerofAllah () said:


“Ask Allah to grant me Al-Wasilah.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah! And what is Al-Wasilah?” He said: “The highest level of Paradise. No one will attain it except for one man, and I hope that I am him.” [[3]]


 


Allah’sMessenger () said:


“Whoever, after listening to the Adhan says, ‘O Allah, the Lord of this complete call and of this prayer, which is going to be established! Give Muhammad Al-Wasila and Al-Fadila and raise him to Al-Maqam-al-Mahmud which You have promised him’ will be granted my intercession for him on the Day of Resurrection.” [[4]]


 


May the peace and blessings of Allah (swt) be upon our beloved Prophet always, and may Allah (swt) grant him al-Wasilah and al-Fadilah. Ameen.


 


Only Allah (SWT) knows best


Answered By Alimah Nasima Umm Hamza


Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah


Darul Ifta Birmingham


 



[1] Sahih Bukhari, Hadith Number 336


 


[2] Sahih Muslim, Hadith Number 2143


 


[3]Jaami’ Tirmidhi, Hadith Number 3612


 


[4]Sahih Bukhari, Hadith Number 243


 


 


 


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