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There is an old mosque built in 1914 almost a century ago. We want to rebuild the mosque with various modern facilities. One being much needed parking. Can we build a basement or a stilt parking? Is it allowed to have a parking underneath the mosque? Please let me know. I also tried searching for related/matching questions but couldn’t get any.

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com

There is an old mosque built in 1914 almost a century ago. We want to rebuild the mosque with various modern facilities. One being much needed parking. Can we build a basement or a stilt parking? Is it allowed to have a parking underneath the mosque? Please let me know. I also tried searching for related/matching questions but couldn’t get any.

Answer

(Fatwa: 529/409/D=1434)

The land of the mosque which was fixed for offering salah it will be ruled as mosque from the earth to the sky. It is necessary to maintain the etiquettes of mosque in each floor of it. Hence it is not lawful to construct car parking under the portion in old mosque which was Shariah mosque (fixed for offering salah) or whatsoever portion is to be included in the mosque at the time of expansion.
قال فى الدر لانه مسجد إلى عنان السماء قال الشامي وكذا إلى تحت الثرى (ج 1 ص 485 شامى)
Yes, the car parking may be constructed below the portion which was declared out of the Shariah mosque at the time of waqf i.e. wudhukhana, etc. Also it is allowable if any new land is obtained for the mosque and car parking is constructed below it and other needs of the mosque i.e. room for Imam, etc are constructed above it.

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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