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I have been living in Abu Dhabi with my wife for the last nine years; I have a “Work Permit”, which is valid for 2 years, and it gets renewed on expiry. However, I don’t have a permanent resident visa and I’ll never get one according to the residency law which is prevailing here in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). For your information, my home country is more than 3000 miles from the UAE. Every week-end, I go to Dubai, which is 150 kilometres from Abu Dhabi, I spend the day there and I return to Abu Dhabi on the same day in the evening or the next day early in the morning. Sometimes, I might sleep in Dubai and come back to Abu Dhabi the next day as well. My question is as follows: According to the Hanafi Madhhab, during the week when I am at home in Abu Dhabi, am I considered as a traveller (musafir) and do I have to do my salah Qasr or my salah must be done in full?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com

I have been living in Abu Dhabi with my wife for the last nine years; I have a “Work Permit”, which is valid for 2 years, and it gets renewed on expiry. However, I don’t have a permanent resident visa and I’ll never get one according to the residency law which is prevailing here in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). For your information, my home country is more than 3000 miles from the UAE.
Every week-end, I go to Dubai, which is 150 kilometres from Abu Dhabi, I spend the day there and I return to Abu Dhabi on the same day in the evening or the next day early in the morning. Sometimes, I might sleep in Dubai and come back to Abu Dhabi the next day as well. My question is as follows:
According to the Hanafi Madhhab, during the week when I am at home in Abu Dhabi, am I considered as a traveller (musafir) and do I have to do my salah Qasr or my salah must be done in full?

Answer

(Fatwa: 76/62/D=1434)

It is necessary to stay for fifteen days in a place in order to become muqim. Hence in the question mentioned above (as you have to travel Dubai which is at the distance of safar Sharai hence the intention of staying fifteen days was not found) so you shall be musafir in Abu Dhabi and do qasr in salah. The watan iqamah (residence place) becomes null with Shariah journey; hence if you intend to stay for fifteen days in Abu Dhabi you will turn muqim. But if you visit Dubai which is situated at the distance of safar your residence place shall be null and you will become musafir. Hence you will have to do qasr in salah after returning Abu Dhabi. But if you intend to stay for fifteen days in Abu Dhabi you will become muqim. (Al-Dur al-Mukhtar with Shami Vol. 2, p. 605)

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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