Can one give his zakah to his maid?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by
We give zakah to our maid every year. Recently, I came to know that she also gives zakah even though she does not possess wealth above the nisab. I think she doesn’t calculate the zakah amount but just gives randomly. Is it permissible to give her zakah?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 899/733/D=11/1437)

It is not lawful to give zakah money to one’s maidservant as remuneration of her services. Yes, if you pay her salary and in addition give zakah money to her as reward then it is allowable. If the maidservant is sahib-e-nisab then your zakah shall not be paid if you give her your zakah. Hence it is not better to decide merely on conjecture rather you should ask the maidservant in person or enquire by some other means then go ahead accordingly. Some women apparently look poor but they own gold jewelry etc which makes them sahib-e-nisab, so it is necessary to enquire about it. However whatsoever zakah you have given in past thinking her poor it was paid and valid.

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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