Is slaughtering animal by machine halal?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by
What about slaughtering by mechanical means is it halal? Now a day gulf countries are practicing this method for slaughter. Is it permissible what are the requirements to do slaughter?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 872/872/M=09/1437)

Slaughtering is of two kinds: (1) Optionaland (2) Compulsory. The optional slaughtering means that the animal is in the control of the slaughterer and he slaughters the animal by laying it down facing the Qiblah. And the compulsory slaughtering means that the animal is not in the control of the slaughterer and thus it is not mandatory to slaughter it as per the sunnah method completely rather the animal is stabbed at any place by reciting Bismillah and blood comes out whether it is by some equipment or by hunting animals. The conditions and wajib acts of the optional slaughtering have been mentioned in your second fatwa. But as far as the ruling pertaining slaughtering the animals by modern equipment and machines is concerned, it carries some details. Since the forms of machine slaughtering are different hence they carry different rulings. What is the method of slaughtering the animals by machines in gulf countries you should have mentioned it and then submitted the query. However if you are able to understand by reading then we refer you the book “Fiqhi Maqalat” written by Hadhrat Mufti Taqi Usmani Saheb. There is a chapter in volume 4 entitled: “Jadid Alat Se Zabah Karne Ke Tariqe and Hukm”. Study the chapter and if your query is solved then it is ok; otherwise ask your question again and seek a fatwa from us.

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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