Please solve the following issue for us in Ghana and those like us. In my country Asr salah time is according to Maliki-Shafi’i in every masjid throughout the country. As a strict follower of the Hanafi Madhhab; (1) can one join the Jamah of Asr salah in Shafi’i time without repeating it later when it is time for Hanafi? (2) Can one lead Asr Jamahas an Imam in Shafi’i time? (3) Can one pray alone as per Shafi’I time without repeating it? May Allah grant you the taufiq and hikmah to solve this issue as you have done to other issues on your website.

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.org

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 423/388/SN=07/1436)

(1-2) Though Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad (may Allah have mercy on them) of Hanafi School are with Imam Shafi’i and Imam Malik (may Allah have mercy on them) that the time of Asr starts on mithl awwal (when the shadow of an object reaches equal to its size) which some scholars of Fiqh have confirmed. But according to Hanafi Fiqh the preferred time and practice is that the time of Asr starts at mithl thani (when the shadow of an object becomes double of its size). Hence it shall not be lawful for a Hanafi to offer or lead Asr salah on mithl awwal without a sever need. Yes, if sometimes due to journey or any other compulsion one joins Asr salah at mithl awwal or leads it then since the second saying is also available in Hanafi Fiqh hence salah shall be valid and it shall not be necessary to reoffer it.
(3) It is better to offer salah with jamah by joining another person on mithl thani. If it is not possible then it is better to offer salah alone as there is no compulsion to join the jamah offering Asr salah on mithl awwal. It is mentioned in Dur al-Mukhtar:
ووقت الظهر من زواله …. إلى بلوغ الظل مثليه وعنه وهو قولهما وزفر والائمة الثلاثة، قال الإمام الطحاوي: وبه نأخذ، وفى غرر الأذكار: وهوالمأخوذ به – وقال الشامي: والأحسن ما في السراج عن شيخ الإسلام أن الاحتياط أن لا يؤخر الظهر إلى المثل وأن لا يصلي العصر حتى يبلغ المثلين ليكون مؤديا للصلاتين في وقتهما بالإجماع، وانظر هل إذا لزم من تاخيره العصر إلى المثلين فوت الجماعة يكون الأولى التاخير أم لا؟ والظاهر الأول؛ بل يلزم لمن اعتقد رجحان قول الإمام، تأمل، ثم رأيت في آخر شرح المنية ناقلا ً عن بعض الفتاوى أنه لو كان إمام محلته يصلي العشاء قبل غياب الشفق الأبيض، فالأفضل أن يصليها وحده بعد البياض (در مختار مع الشامى، 2/14، ط: مكتبة زكريا)

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

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