Existence Shabb e baraat?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by
I know that there is a night called Shab-e-Bara’at and in that night everything is decided. But most of the people are ignoring and saying that, “There is no night or thing called Shab-e-Bara’at.” Can you please give me some proofs so that I can show it to the people who deny it?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 1529/1200/H=11/1435)

Shab-e-Bara’at and its virtues are proved from Hadith. It is mentioned in Tirmidhi:
عن عائشة – رضى الله عنها – قَالَتْ فَقَدْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – لَيْلَةً فَخَرَجْتُ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِالْبَقِيعِ فَقَالَ أَكُنْتِ تَخَافِينَ أَنْ يَحِيفَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكِ وَرَسُولُهُ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي ظَنَنْتُ أَنَّكَ أَتَيْتَ بَعْضَ نِسَائِكَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَنْزِلُ لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا فَيَغْفِرُ لِأَكْثَرَ مِنْ عَدَدِ شَعْرِ غَنَمِ كَلْبٍ (ترمذى شريف 1/123)
The famous Ghair Muqallid alim Allama Abdur Rahman Mubarakpuri writes regarding this hadith:
اعلم أنه قد ورد فى فضيله ليلة النصف من شعبان مجموعها يدل على أن لها أصلاً .
It means that there are various hadith regarding the virtues of 15th night of Shaban, which are worth value. Further after quoting some Hadiths he writes:
فهذه الأحاديث بمجموعها حجة على من زعم أنه لم يثبت فى فضيله ليلة النصف من شعبان شئى (تحفة الأحوذى 3/365-367)
It means that these Hadiths altogether is a proof against those who say that Shab-e-Bara’at has no virtue. Hence, to say that Shab-e-Bara’at has no proof is wrong. However, some people do give more importance to this night and have fabricated some ways of worship rather they commit many munkarat (evil deeds) which are not proved from the Shariah.

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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