In first 2 rakahs of fardh namaz of Fajr, Maghrib and Isha prayers, Surah Fatiha and other surah/few verses are supposedly read well audibly by the Imam (jehri); is this sunnah only for Imam or even for those who pray on their own if late for that jamah or those who pray at home? May I request your guidance with reference to Hadith if jehri is not recommended for these prayers other than the jamat prayer in the mosques? I am confused since most mosques here discourage of the above practice though it is evidently followed in Makkah, Medina and other Gulf countries.

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.org

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 269/262/N=01/1435)

It is wajib for imam to make loud qirah in both the rakahs of Fajr and in the first two rakahs of Maghrib and Isha – whether he is performing ada (in time) or qaza (after time) and in all the rakahs of Jumuah, Eidain, tarawih and the witr of Ramadan while offering with jamah. The muqtadi cannot recite behind the imam in any salah whether it is silent salah or loud salah, as the qirah is forbidden behind the imam. However, if a person offers the above mentioned salah alone provided jamah is not a condition for that salah, as the salah in which jamah is a condition such as Jumuah and Eidain these salah are not valid alone without a jamah, then jahri (loud) qirah is not wajib in it. However, a slow jahr is lawful rather it is better provided it does not create problem for others; otherwise he should stand away from people and offer the salah. For more details and proofs see I’la al-Sunan (4: 3-17 p. Idaratul Quran al-Uloom al-Islamia, Karachi, Pakistan) and al-Dur al-Mukhtar and Shami (Kitab al-Salah, Bab Sifah al-salah, Fazlun Fil Qirah 2:249-251, p. Maktaba Zakaria Deoband).

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

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