If one tells his wife: “I have left you” does this constitute talaaq?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

 

I want to ask that my friends’ husband has said to her during a quarrel that “tell your brother just because of him I have left you”.. hass Tallaq e Baina occurred? do they have to do Nikkah again? (all this dispute took placeon telephonic call as her husband do not like his brother who is his sisters husband too… in past also he has spoken /uttered statements like this) ..

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

The words which effect divorce are of two types:

1) Clear and plain words (sareeh)

2) Ambiguous and allusive words (kinaayah)

Sareeh means expressly pronouncing the word divorce or words derived from it, such as: “I divorce you” or “you are divorced” etc. Clear and plain words effect divorce whether one intends divorce by them or not.[1]

Kinaayah means using words that are not exclusively prescribed for issuing divorce, but alludes and hints to it. Kinaayah words do not effect divorce unless one intends divorce through such words.[2]

The use of kinaayah words with the intention of divorce effects talaaq bain and when a talaaq-e-bain is issued, the nikah terminates immediately.[3]

In the case in reference, your friend’s husband said: “I have left you.” These words are (kinaayah) allusive and would constitute a (talaaq-e-bain) irrevocable divorce only if he had the intention of giving her talaaq.[4]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad Haris Siddiqui

Student Darul Iftaa
Melbourne, Australia 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 

 

 


[1]  الطلاق على ضربين صريح وكناية فالصريح قوله أنت طالق ومطلقة وطلقتك فهذا يقع به الطلاق الرجعي “لأن هذه الألفاظ تستعمل في الطلاق (الهداية ج2 ص378 رحمانية)

[2]  و اما الضرب الثانى و هو الكناية لايقع بها الطلاق الا بالنية او بدلالة الحال… (الهداية ج2 ص389 رحمانية)

[3]  الكنايات لا يقع بها الطلاق الا بالنية أو بدلالة حال كذا في الجوهرة (عالمغيرية ج1 ص374 رشيدية)

[4]  اذا نوى بها الطلاق كانت واحدة بائنة و ان نوى ثلاثا كان ثلاثا و ان نوى ثنتين كانت واحدة (الهداية ج2 ص389 رحمانية) 

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