What is the definition of a major sin?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

What defines a major sin [Kaba’ir] in the Usul of the Hanafi’s? – Could you please elaborate on this. 


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.


In Sharhul Aqaaid, Imam Shamsuddin Taftazani, rahmatullahu alayhi, has enumerated the following as major sins:

  • Shirk (ascribing partners to Allah)
  • Killing a person without justification is Shariah
  • To accuse a chaste woman of adultery
  • Adultery/fornication
  • Fleeing from the battlefield
  • Practicing magic
  • Wrongfully using the money of an orphan
  • Disrespecting the parents
  •  Apostasy
  •  Usury
  • Theft
  • Drinking alchohol[1]

It is noteworthy to remember that some scholars have also said that there is, in fact, no such thing as a minor sin and that all sins are major. Another important thing to keep in mind is that no major sin remains a sin after sincere tawbah and that consistency in any sin will result in a major sin.[2]

For a detailed list on the major sins, it is recommended that you read a book called “Al-Kabaa’ir” by Imam Dhahabi. This book can be read from the following link: http://www.islamguiden.com/arkiv/majorsins.pdf    


And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad Haris Siddiqui

Student Darul Iftaa
Melbourne, Australia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.






[1] النبراس شرح شرح العقائد ص.223 مكتبة حقانية

[2] مرقات المفاتيح 1121 دار الفكر

النبراس شرح شرح العقائد ص.225 مكتبة حقانية