What defines a major sin [Kaba’ir] in the Usul of the Hanafi’s? – Could you please elaborate on this.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
In Sharhul Aqaaid, Imam Shamsuddin Taftazani, rahmatullahu alayhi, has enumerated the following as major sins:
- Shirk (ascribing partners to Allah)
- Killing a person without justification is Shariah
- To accuse a chaste woman of adultery
- Fleeing from the battlefield
- Practicing magic
- Wrongfully using the money of an orphan
- Disrespecting the parents
- Drinking alchohol
It is noteworthy to remember that some scholars have also said that there is, in fact, no such thing as a minor sin and that all sins are major. Another important thing to keep in mind is that no major sin remains a sin after sincere tawbah and that consistency in any sin will result in a major sin.
For a detailed list on the major sins, it is recommended that you read a book called “Al-Kabaa’ir” by Imam Dhahabi. This book can be read from the following link: http://www.islamguiden.com/arkiv/majorsins.pdf
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Muhammad Haris Siddiqui
Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
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