Ruqyah Shar’iyyah

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Can you please elaborate on the virtues of Aayaat e ruqayya (Al Ruqayya Al Shariah).?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Allah Ta’ala revealed the Holy Quraan as a mercy and solution to all the problems and challenges of mankind. The Quraan possess such power that besides being a purifier of the heart, it can cure even the illnesses and sicknesses of man. Allah mentions in the Quraan:

وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

And we have revealed the Quraan as a cure and mercy for the believers (17-82)

Coupled with the Quraan being a solution to cure all sicknesses and illnesses of man, conviction in Allah granting cure is of utmost importance. Allah sometimes puts man through tests to see how he reacts and to see who he turns to in submission. When a servant of Allah turns to Him in submission while using the Quraan as a means of gaining cure, Allah becomes pleased and as a result grants him cure.

It has been the practice of Rasoolullah Salllallahu Alaihi Wasallam, the Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum, the Taabi’een and the pious to use the Quraan as means of curing their sickneness, ailments or diseases. They also applied a method of curing the afflicted using Ruqyah. Nowadays, it has also become the common practice of Aamils to use Ruqyah in curing the afflicted. Ruqyah refers to the recitation of verses or words followed by blowing on a person. Ruqyah is permissible with the following conditions:

  • No such words are recited which constitute Kufr or witchcraft.
  • It is in a language that is generally understood by the people. It is preferable to recite in Arabic, specifically verses of the Qur’ān, Du’ās from the Ahādīth and the attributes of Allāh.
  • One has faith that the Ruqyah in itself is not effective but Allāh has placed the effect of curing in it.[1]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Ismaeel Bassa

Student Darul Iftaa

Durban South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

 


1} (قَوْلُهُ التَّمِيمَةُ الْمَكْرُوهَةُ) أَقُولُ: الَّذِي رَأَيْته فِي الْمُجْتَبَى التَّمِيمَةُ الْمَكْرُوهَةُ مَا كَانَ بِغَيْرِ الْقُرْآنِ، وَقِيلَ: هِيَ الْخَرَزَةُ الَّتِي تُعَلِّقُهَا الْجَاهِلِيَّةُ اهـ فَلْتُرَاجَعْ نُسْخَةٌ أُخْرَى. وَفِي الْمُغْرِبِ وَبَعْضُهُمْ يَتَوَهَّمُ أَنَّ الْمُعَاذَاتِ هِيَ التَّمَائِمُ وَلَيْسَ كَذَلِكَ إنَّمَا التَّمِيمَةُ الْخَرَزَةُ، وَلَا بَأْسَ بِالْمُعَاذَاتِ إذَا كُتِبَ فِيهَا الْقُرْآنُ، أَوْ أَسْمَاءُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى، وَيُقَالُ رَقَاهُ الرَّاقِي رَقْيًا وَرُقْيَةً إذَا عَوَّذَهُ وَنَفَثَ فِي عُوذَتِهِ قَالُوا: إنَّمَا تُكْرَهُ الْعُوذَةُ إذَا كَانَتْ بِغَيْرِ لِسَانِ الْعَرَبِ، وَلَا يُدْرَى مَا هُوَ وَلَعَلَّهُ يَدْخُلُهُ سِحْرٌ أَوْ كُفْرٌ أَوْ غَيْرُ ذَلِكَ، وَأَمَّا مَا كَانَ مِنْ الْقُرْآنِ أَوْ شَيْءٍ مِنْ الدَّعَوَاتِ فَلَا بَأْسَ بِهِ اهـ {لدر المختار، ج 6، ص 363}

 

2} وَقَدْ أَجْمَعَ الْعُلَمَاءُ عَلَى جَوَازِ الرُّقَى عِنْدَ اجْتِمَاعِ ثَلَاثَةِ شُرُوطٍ أَنْ يَكُونَ بِكَلَامِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى أَوْ بِأَسْمَائِهِ وَصِفَاتِهِ وَبِاللِّسَانِ الْعَرَبِيِّ أَوْ بِمَا يُعْرَفُ مَعْنَاهُ مِنْ غَيْرِهِ وَأَنْ يُعْتَقَدَ أَنَّ الرُّقْيَةَ لَا تُؤَثِّرُ بِذَاتِهَا بَلْ بِذَاتِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَاخْتَلَفُوا فِي كَوْنِهَا شَرْطًا وَالرَّاجِحُ أَنَّهُ لَا بُدَّ مِنَ اعْتِبَارِ الشُّرُوطِ الْمَذْكُورَةِ فَفِي صَحِيحِ مُسْلِمٍ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَوْفِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ قَالَ كُنَّا نَرْقِي فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَقُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ تَرَى فِي ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ اعْرِضُوا عَلَيَّ رُقَاكُمْ لَا بَأْسَ بِالرُّقَى مَا لَمْ يَكُنْ فِيهِ شِرْكٌ وَلَهُ مِنْ حَدِيثِ جَابِرٍ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ الرُّقَى فَجَاءَ آلُ عَمْرِو بْنِ حَزْمٍ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ كَانَتْ عِنْدَنَا رُقْيَةٌ نَرْقِي بِهَا مِنَ الْعَقْرَبِ قَالَ فَعَرَضُوا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ مَا أَرَى بَأْسًا مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ أَنْ يَنْفَعَ أَخَاهُ فَلْيَنْفَعْهُ وَقَدْ تَمَسَّكَ قَوْمٌ بِهَذَا الْعُمُومِ فَأَجَازُوا كُلَّ رُقْيَةٍ جُرِّبَتْ مَنْفَعَتُهَا وَلَوْ لَمْ يُعْقَلْ مَعْنَاهَا لَكِنْ دَلَّ حَدِيثُ عَوْفٍ أَنَّهُ مَهْمَا كَانَ مِنَ الرُّقَى يُؤَدِّي إِلَى الشِّرْكِ يُمْنَعُ وَمَا لَا يُعْقَلُ مَعْنَاهُ لَا يُؤْمَنُ أَنْ يُؤَدِّيَ إِلَى الشِّرْكِ فَيَمْتَنِعُ احْتِيَاطًا وَالشَّرْطُ الْآخِرُ لَا بُدَّ مِنْهُ { فتح الباري لابن حجر، ج 10، ص 220}

 

3} أحسن الفتاوى، ج 6، ص 255

 

4} فتاوى محمودية، ج 20، ص 54 

 

 

 

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