I passed Meeqat without ihraam, is a damm wajib? What is the ruling for women having a cloth touch the face while in ihraam?

Having completed hajj I made my way to Medinah and after that I asked my ticket to be extended. As a result I traveled from Medina to Jeddah with my tour group. They issued me my passport and I then had my father-in-law pick me up from Jeddah and we made our way back to Makkah.

My question is my understanding was that I had to make intention of my ihram from Jeddah, but having spoken to my father in law, he advised that I should have done so from medina, but the issue would have been that all the other passengers would be in normal clothes and I would have been in ihram which could have caused problems for me as there are normally checks and questions would have been asked.

Anyways I did not wear the ihram at Jeddah as my father in law advised not to do so, so I would like to know what I need to do like nafl umrah from say masjid Ayesha and/or Dam? As my intention was to always travel to Makkah.

My other question is my wife lives in makkah and mostly every year she performs hajj but wears her nikab over her face during hajj/ihram, as she does not want to fulfill 1 fard and leave another as she is very strict in wearing the niqab alhumdulillah. She is not comfortable wearing the English type cap under her niqab as she finds it hard to see properly. My question is does dam become compulsory on her or is giving sadqah sufficient enough? I believe my father in law previously has given sadqah on her behalf but this year she has now become my responsibility and I wish to ask the learned scholars for their guidance.

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.


1.) The meeqat for those coming from the direction of Madinah is Dhul-Hulayfah (also known as Bi’r Ali or Abyaar Ali). There is another meeqat called Juhfah, closer to Makkah. You could have entered ihraam there as well, although the meeqat of Dhul-Hulayfah is preferred for those coming from the direction of Madinah.

Since your intention was to travel to Makkah for Umrah, and you bypassed the meeqat without entering into ihraam, a damm is now obligatory. Had you traveled back to any point of meeqat and made ihraam from there before starting the rites of Umrah, the damm would have been erased. [i] [ii] [iii] [iv]

*Damm: Refers to the slaughtering of a goat, a sheep, a one-seventh part of a cow, or a one-seventh part of a camel within the precincts of the Haram in lieu of certain violations made while performing the manaasik (rites) of Hajj and Umrah.


2.) To have a piece of cloth touching the face while in ihraam is not correct if it is done intentionally. Pious women from the Sahaabiyyaat (radiyallahu anhunna) to our times have been concealing their faces while not letting the cloth touch the face. Your wife should find an alternative solution that would allow her to maintain her niqab in ihraam without having a piece of cloth touch her face.

If the face is covered for a period of less than 12 hours at a time then sadaqah is wajib. If the face is covered for a period of 12 hours or more at a time, then a damm will be obligatory. The penalty will apply only once since she intends to keep re-wearing the niqab for the same reason (i.e that of not being able to see with the cap extension). Multiple sadaqahs or damms will not apply if your wife removes the niqab and wears it again while in ihraam. [v] [vi] [vii]

*The amount of sadaqah is half a Saa’ (1.75kg to 2.32 kg / 3.86 lb to 5.11 lb) of wheat (or its monetary equivalent which is equal to the amount given for Sadaqat-ul-Fitr)


And Allāh knows best.

Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)

Concurred by:

Muftī Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)

Under the Supervision of Muftī Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

 

وإن جاوز الآفاقي الميقات بغير إحرام، وهو يريد الحج والعمرة، فإن عاد إلى الميقات [i]

 وأحرم سقط عنه الدم، وإن أحرم من مكانه ذلك، وعاد إلى الميقات محرماً، فإن لبى سقط عنه الدم، وإن لم يلب وجاوز الميقات، واشتغل بأعمال ما عقد الإحرام له لا يسقط عنه الدم

الميحط البرهاني، كتاب المناسك، الفصل الرابع: في بيان مواقيت الإحرام وما يلزم بمجاوزتها من غير إحرام، ٢/ ٤٣٦ دار إحياء التراث العربي

 

 والمواقيت ) أي المواضع التي لا يجاوزها مريد مكة إلا محرما خمسة ( ذو الحليفة ) بضم ) [ii]

ففتح مكان على ستة أميال من المدينة وعشر مراحل من مكة تسميها العوام أبيار علي رضي الله عنه

رد المحتار،كتاب الحج، مطلب في المواقيت: ٣ /٤٧٨ دار الكتب العلمية

 

   قوله ( وقالوا ) أي علماؤنا الحنفية ( قوله ولو مر بميقاتين ) كالمدني يمر بذي الحليفة [iii]

 ثم بالجحفة فإحرامه من الأبعد أفضل أي الأبعد عن مكة

رد المحتار كتاب الحج، مطلب في المواقيت: ٣ /٤٨٠ دار الكتب العلمية

 

 معلم الحجاج، ص. ٩٤٩٥، إداره إسلاميات [iv]

 

قوله ( يوما كاملا ) أي أو ليلة كاملة والزائد على اليوم كاليوم وإن نزعه ليلا [v]

وأعاده نهارا ما لم يعزم على ترك لبسه عند النزع فإن عزم عليه ثم لبس تعدد الجزاء كفر للأول أو لا

حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح، كتاب الحج، باب الجنايات: ص. ٧٤٢ دار الكتب العلمية

 قوله ( يوما كاملا أو ليلة ) الظاهر أن المراد مقدار أحدهما فلو لبس من نصف [vi]

 النهار إلى نصف الليل من غير انفصال أو بالعكس لزمه دم كما يشير إليه قوله وفي الأقل صدقة شرح اللباب ( قوله وفي الأقل صدقة ) أي نصف صاع من بر

رد المحتار،كتاب الحج، باب الجنايات: ٣ /٥٧٧ دار الكتب العلمية

 

  قوله ( ولو تعدد سبب اللبس ) كما إذا كان به حمى فاحتاج إلى اللبس لها فزالت [vii]

 وأصابه مرض آخر أو حمى غيرها ولبس فعليه كفارتان كفر للأول أولا ، وإذا حصره العدو فاحتاج إلى اللبس للقتال أياما يلبسها إذا خرج وينزعها إذا رجع فعليه كفارة واحدة ما لم يذهب هذا العدو ، فإن ذهب وجاء عدو غيره لزمه كفارة أخرى ، ومقتضى ذلك كما قال الحلبي أنه إذا لبس لدفع برد ثم صار ينزع ويلبس لذلك ثم زال ذلك البرد وأصابه برد آخر فليس لذلك أنه يجب عليه كفارتان بحر ( قوله ولو اضطر إلخ ) تخصيص لما قبله من تعدد الجزاء بتعدد السبب قال في الذخيرة : والأصل في جنس هذه المسائل أن الزيادة في موضع الضرورة لا تعتبر جناية مبتدأة

رد المحتار،كتاب الحج، باب الجنايات: ٣ /٥٧٨ دار الكتب العلمية

 

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