According to Hanafi school of thoughts, how should I (being resident) complete my Four rakat salah following a traveler (Musafir) Imam performing Qasr.

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

According to Hanafi school of thoughts, how should I (being resident) complete my Four rakat salah following a traveler (Musafir) Imam performing Qasr. That is, should I have to recite Fateha (surat) in rest of the rakats (3rd & 4th)? If not, then for how long should I stand in each rakat? Also, what should be my approach for the same scenario in Arafat (during Hajj) following Imam (Hajj) & combining Zohr – Asr?

Answer

1.      If a mūqīm (resident) is following a Musāfir (travelling) Imām is Salāh, he should not recite Sūrah Fātihah in his third and fourth rak‘ats. He is technically still regarded as a muqtadī despite the fact that the Imām has completed his Salāh; thus, he should not recite any qirā’ah like a normal muqtadī behind a resident Imām. He will be required to complete the Qiyām (standing posture) only and the minimum amount of time required to fulfill this position is the amount of time it would take to recite three Tasbīhs (similar to the amount of time one spends in Rukū‘ or Sajdah).

 

( واقتداء المقيم به ) أي بالمسافر ( صحيح فيهما ) أي في الوقت وبعده لأن صلاة المسافر في الحالين واحدة والقعدة فرض في حقه غير فرض في حق المقتدي وبناء الضعيف على القوي جائز . ( ويقصر هو ويتم المقيم ) لأنه التزم الموافقة في الركعتين فينفرد في الباقي ( بلا قراءة في الأصح ) لأنه فيهما كأنه مؤتم فلا قراءة للمؤتم . وفي الخانية لا قراءة عليهم فيما يقضون ولا سهو عليهم إذا سهوا (مجمع الانهر ج 1 ص 163 , مؤسسة التاريخ العربي)

 

2.       If you are a muqīm on the day of ‘Arafah and the Imām of Hajj is a Musāfir whereby he shortens the Zuhr and ‘Asr salāhs from four rak‘ats to two, then you should complete the remaining two rak‘ats after the Imām completes his two rak‘ats. You should complete the third and fourth rak‘ats without reciting Fātihah as mentioned above. If the Imām of Hajj is a muqīm, he will perform four rak‘ats for Zuhr and ‘Asr and you will follow him in all four rak‘ats. The Imām of Hajj is not allowed to shorten the Salāh from four rak‘ats to two rak‘ats if he is not a musāfir. If it is established that the Imām of Hajj did so, the salāh will have to be repeated. (Manāsik Mulla ‘Alī al-Qārī, pgs. 194 – 195, Idārat al-Qur’ān)

And Allah knows best

Ml. Yusuf bin Yaqub,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Muhammed Zakariyya Desai,
Assistant Mufti

 Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah

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