I want to query about some issues ; Please reply me with all possible detail and references;
I am a resident in Jeddah and planning to perform Haj this year; I have read that Haj afrad is only
For Makka resident ; ( Tafseer Tibyanul Qauran ) ? will i be treated as Makka resident as well ?
Due to above I am planning for “Haj Tamatu”; I have performed the umrah in the month of
Ramdan , shawal and Zeqad, so I still need to perform an umrah for Haj ? as i have heard that
only umrah that is performed in Zel Haj will be valid for Haj , is it true ?
Can I change Ahram in Haj ( in wash room for any reason),
Can u please tell me the differnec between ;
Tawafe Qudoom ( initial tawaf ; as per my knowledge; it is mustahib)
Tawafe Ziyarat ( Haj Tawaf , as per my knowldege ; it is farz , for any kind of Haj)
Tawafe Sadar ( Ending tawaf , it is wajib, is it wajib for me also being a Jeddah resident)
I have read many Haj book , but they confuse each other, then I tried some tafseer and Hadees sahrah and I found the
Following; please correct me if I m wrong;
1) Peform Umrah before 8 Zel Haj ( you will calrify me when can I perform umrah as per my above queries)
2) Go to Mina ( 8 Zel Haj), Wajib , stays there whole day
3) Go to Arafar ( 9 Zel Haj) , Farz Stays there up to Magrib
4) Go to Muzdalfa ( 9 Zel Haj ), Wajib , stays there up to fajar
5) Go to Mina ( 10 Zel Haj), do Rami and Qurabni and hair cutting,—– Wajib.
5) Do Tawaf-e-Ziyara in Ayame Nahar (with in 3 days) , Farz
6) Do Saee in Ayame Nahar ( with in 3 days, or after the Haj ahram),—- Wajib
7) Haj completes.
Also I was reading from your web site Fatwa # 17218 from South Africa ; it seems that even being a JED resident
we can not perform HAJ tamatu, you gave the defintion of HAJ tamatu as ((join haj and umrah in one journey) and i belive
that this definition is for HAJ Qiran. And we can not perform Umrah in month of HAJ, please correct me if I am wrong.
Thanks and Best Regards,
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh
We make dua that Allah Ta’ala grant all our hujjaj a hajj maqbool and make it easy for them. (Ameen.)
Whoever lives within the miqat, will fall under the ruling of a makki (one who stays in Makkah Mukarramah). Therefore, just as a makki could only perform ifrad hajj, similarly those who stay within the miqat could only perform ifrad hajj (i.e. perform hajj only without joining umrah with it).
Tamattu hajj is when one performs umrah in the months of hajj and thereafter performs hajj in the same year with a new ihram. Since you have already performed umrah and you are going to perform hajj, therefore, you will fall under the category of those who will be performing tamaatu hajj. However, since you are also in the ruling of a makki therefore, you will have to slaughter a dam. This dam will not be out of gratitude to Allah Ta’ala but will be as a compensation for going against the command of Allah Ta’ala by performing tamattu hajj. You should also not perform another umrah before performing your hajj.
It is permissible to change the ihram if there is a valid reason. One should not change his ihram merely to have a clean ihram.
Tawaf qudoom is the first tawaf a person will perform before starting his hajj. This will be as a greeting similar to tahiyyatul masjid when one enters the masjid. Tawaf qudoom is sunaah muakkada for those who are not makki. A makki shall not perform tawaf qudoom.
Tawaf ziyarat is the tawaf of hajj which is performed on the ten of zul hijja. This tawaf is fardh.
Tawaf sadar is the last tawaf one would perform before leaving the holy city of Makkah Mukarramah. It is wajib for those who are not makki. Imam Abu Yusuf رحمه الله تعلى mentions that I prefer that a makki also performs tawaf sadar.
Refer to Manasik of Mulla Ali Qari رحمه الله تعالى page 140 and 252.
Since you are under the ruling of a makki, you will not perform tawaf qudoom.
On the 9th one will go to Arafa after sunrise and stay until sunset. It is fardh to go to Arafa.
After sunset one will go to Muzdalifa. It is Sunnah makkadah to spend the night in Muzdalifa. It is wajib to spend time between subh sadiq and sunrise.
Performing tawaf ziyarah in days of hajj is wajib not fardh.
If a person combines between hajj and umrah in one ihram, then this would be qiran. If he combines it with two ihrams, then this will be tamattu.
And Allah knows best
Ml. Ishaq E. Moosa,
Student Darul Iftaa
Muhammed Zakariyya Desai,
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah