Root letters of the word “dhuha”.

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

I am going to know the roots of every word in the Holy Quran.Can you please tell me what is the root of the word “duha” in sura-e-duha in para 30? As I know that the “wao” before this word is “wao qasmia” but the qasmia wao brings “zer” at the last letter of the word but here there is no zer at the last letter of the word duha due to wao qasmia.So then it must be some other word which has been chnaged into this shape or whats the reason?


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

As-salaamu `alaykum wa-ramatullahi wa-barakatuh.

The root letters of the word ضحى in the ayat والضحى, are ض,ح,ى.

You are correct that the waaw before the word is waaw qasmia. However, the word ضحى in all three conditions (Raf, Nasab and Jar) will always remain the same. [1]

And Allah Ta`ala Knows Best.

Hussein Muhammad.

Student Darul Iftaa

Arusha, Tanzania

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



إعراب القرآن وبيانه (10/ 509)

(وَالضُّحى وَاللَّيْلِ إِذا سَجى ما وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَما قَلى) الواو حرف قسم وجر والضحى مجرور بواو القسم والجار والمجرور متعلقان بفعل القسم المحذوف والليل منسوق على الضحى


اللغة العربية معناها ومبناها (ص: 53)

الألف الممالة إمالة شديدة: والمقصود به الألف الجانحة نحو الياء, وهي التي يقرأ بها القراء مثلًا قوله تعالى: {وَالضُّحَى, وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَى} فيجعلون صوت الألف الأخيرة في “الضحى” و”سجى” كصوت الياء في نطق العامة في مصر لكلمة “بيت”.


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