Commentary of the verse `Impure women are for impure men`

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Please make me understand this point as it’s mentioned in quran kareem that good men are for good women and bad men are for bad women Surely quran is true In practical life we see many couples where women are good but men are too bad and vice versa Is this verse is just for hazrat Ayesha r.a?? Please explain with detail as I have never ever received a satisfactory answer to this question of mine 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You refer to the following verse of the Holy Quran:

الْخَبِيثَاتُ لِلْخَبِيثِينَ وَالْخَبِيثُونَ لِلْخَبِيثَاتِ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ لِلطَّيِّبِينَ وَالطَّيِّبُونَ لِلطَّيِّبَاتِ 

Impure women are for impure men and impure men are for impure women. Pure women are for pure men and pure men are for pure women.[1]

In this verse, Allah Taala refers to the general familiarity and attraction between people of the same nature. A person with moral values will be inclined to a person of moral values and a person with corrupt values will be inclined to a person of the same nature[2]

Moreover, this verse was revealed in expounding the purity and chastity of Hazrat Aisha رضى الله عنها and absolving her from the false accusation of immorality. In doing so the purity of Rasulullah صلى الله علىه وسلم is also expounded and clarified as the Rasul being pure will only have a pure spouse.

 Hazrat Mufti Shafee Saheb رحمه الله explains that in his masterpiece Ma`riful Quran as follows;

 In the light of this norm and principle, this verse shows that the Messengers of Allah Tala who are the role models of honour, purity and chastity are granted spouses according to their status. Hence the Prophet صلى الله علىه وسلمwho was the paragon of the era in terms of purity, chastity and ethical excellence was bestowed with spouses befitting him. Thus removing any doubt or suspicion about them. In essence how can it be possible for one with the status of Hazrat Aisha رضى الله عنها commit such a foul and obscene act?[3]

It should also be understood that while the Rasul of Allah Taala is pure and inclined only to a pure spouse, he was also guided in all his affairs through revelation. Thus, it was impossible that the pure inclination of the Rasul of Allah Taala will make an error in judgement.

That is not so with everyone else[4].A person may be pure and think of the opposite gender being pure and feel inclined based on ones assumptions which may turn out to be wrong and an error in judgement. This does not necessarily mean that a pure person is meant for an impure person. Simply put; a pure and moral person should exercise precaution in confirming his inclination to a potential spouse being pure and moral. 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Huzaifah Deedat

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] Juz 18 Chapter 24 Verse 26

 [2] Tafseer Uthmani Volume 2 Page 181 Darul Isha`at

     تفسير حدائق الروح والريحان في روابي علوم القرآن(19/ 216)

أن الفاسق الفاجر الذي من شأنه الزنا والفسق، لا يرغب في نكاح الصوالح من النساء، وإنما يرغب في فاسقة خبيثة، أو في مشركة مثله، والفاسقة المستهترة لا يرغب في نكاحها الصالحون من الرجال، بل ينفرون منها، وإنما يرغب فيها من هو من جنسها من الفسقة، ولقد قالوا في أمثالهم: إن الطيور على أشكالها تقع

تفسير الجلالين (ص: 461)

الْخَبِيثَات} مِنْ النِّسَاء وَمِنْ الْكَلِمَات {لِلْخَبِيثِينَ} مِنْ النَّاس {وَالْخَبِيثُونَ} مِنْ النَّاس {لِلْخَبِيثَاتِ} مِمَّا ذُكِرَ {وَالطَّيِّبَات} مِمَّا ذُكِرَ {لِلطَّيِّبِينَ} مِنْ النَّاس {وَالطَّيِّبُونَ} مِنْهُمْ {لِلطَّيِّبَاتِ} مِمَّا ذُكِرَ أَيْ اللَّائِق بِالْخَبِيثِ مِثْله وَبِالطَّيِّبِ مِثْله

[3] Ma`riful Quran Volume 6 Page 392 Maktaba Ma`arif

 

[4] تفسير حدائق الروح والريحان في روابي علوم القرآن (19/ 216)

 

ولا شك أن هذا حكم الأعم الأغلب، كما يقال: لا يفعل الخير إلا الرجل المتقي، وقد يفعل الخير من ليس بتقي، فكذا هذا، فإن الزاني قد ينكح الصالح

 

التفسير المظهري (6/ 485)

 وقال ابن زيد الخبيثات من النساء للخبيثين من الرجال يعنى غالبا

 

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