Hadith regarding Umar RadiAllahu Anhu

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Where in hadith it says that prophet say that his companion umar would walk down a lane and shaytan be running away? Why is this so, background of this narration would be appreciated

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

The narration in reference is as follows:

 

حدثنا علي بن عبد الله، حدثنا يعقوب بن إبراهيم، حدثنا أبي، عن صالح، عن ابن شهاب، قال: أخبرني عبد الحميد بن عبد الرحمن بن زيد، أن محمد بن سعد بن أبي وقاص، أخبره أن أباه سعد بن أبي وقاص، قال: استأذن عمر على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وعنده نساء من قريش يكلمنه ويستكثرنه، عالية أصواتهن، فلما استأذن عمر قمن يبتدرن الحجاب، فأذن له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ورسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يضحك، فقال عمر: أضحك الله سنك يا رسول الله، قال: «عجبت من هؤلاء اللاتي كن عندي، فلما سمعن صوتك ابتدرن الحجاب» قال عمر: فأنت يا رسول الله كنت أحق أن يهبن، ثم قال: أي عدوات أنفسهن، أتهبنني ولا تهبن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم؟ قلن: نعم، أنت أفظ وأغلظ من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «والذي نفسي بيده، ما لقيك الشيطان قط سالكا فجا إلا سلك فجا غير فجك»[1]

Translation: Once `Umar asked leave to see Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) in whose company there were some Quraishi women who were talking to him and asking him for more financial support raising their voices. When `Umar asked permission to enter, the women got up (quickly) hurrying to the screen. When Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) admitted `Umar, Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was smiling, `Umar asked, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! May Allah keep you in happiness always.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “I am astonished at these women who were with me. As soon as they heard your voice, they hastened to the screen.” `Umar said, “O Allah’s Apostle! You have more right to be feared by them.” Then he addressed (those women) saying, “O enemies of your own souls! Do you fear me and not Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) ?” They replied. “Yes, for you are a harsh and fierce man as compared with Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).” On that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said (to `Umar), “By Him in Whose Hands my life is, whenever Satan sees you taking a path, he follows a path other than yours.”

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Saleem Ibn Sajawal Khan

Bradford, UK

Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] [Sahih Bukhari, 4:126 Hadith:3294]

 

  [Sahih Muslim, 4:1863, Hadith: 2396]

 

  [Sahih Ibn Hibban, 15: 356, Hadith: 6893]

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