Is it permissible for other than the khatib to lead the Friday prayer?

Answered by Shaykh Hamza Karamali, SunniPath Academy Teacher

In salat al jumma”, is it permissible for the khatib to allow one of the congregants to lead the salah instead of him? if so, what are the conditions that must be observed, and is it considered makruh?

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate

It is permissible in the Friday Prayer for the one delivering the sermon (khatib) to appoint someone else to lead the prayer, provided that the person who leads the prayer attended and listened to the entire sermon (khutba). If, for example, someone came late to the Friday prayer and missed part of the sermon, it would not be valid for him to lead the Friday prayer (Tuhfat al-Muhtaj).

And Allah knows best.

Hamza.

قال ابن حجر في التحفة: وَلَوْ اسْتَخْلَفَهُ قَبْلَ الصَّلاةِ اُشْتُرِطَ سَمَاعُهُ لَهَا ، وَإِنْ زَادَ عَلَى الأَرْبَعِينَ كَمَا اقْتَضَاهُ إطْلاقُهُمْ لأنَّ مَنْ لَمْ يَسْمَعْ لا يَنْدَرِجُ فِي ضِمْنِ غَيْرِهِ إلَّا بَعْدَ الِاقْتِدَاءِ وَلِهَذَا لَوْ بَادَرَ أَرْبَعُونَ سَمِعُوا فَعَقَدُوا الْجُمُعَةَ انْعَقَدَتْ لَهُمْ بِخِلَافِ غَيْرِ السَّامِعِينَ . فَإِنْ قُلْت : ظَاهِرُ كَلَامِهِمْ صِحَّةُ اسْتِخْلَافِ مَنْ سَمِعَ ، وَلَوْ نَحْوُ مُحْدِثٍ وَصَبِيٍّ زَادَ فَمَا الْفَرْقُ ؟ قُلْت : يُفَرَّقُ بِأَنَّهُ بِالسَّمَاعِ انْدَرَجَ فِي ضِمْنِ غَيْرِهِ فَصَارَ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا تَبَعًا ظَاهِرًا فَلِهَذَا كَفَى اسْتِخْلَافُهُ وَلِبُطْلَانِ صَلَاتِهِ أَوْ نَقْصِهَا اُشْتُرِطَتْ زِيَادَتُهُ ، وَأَمَّا مَنْ لَمْ يَسْمَعْ فَلَمْ يَصِرْ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا وَلَا فِي الظَّاهِرِ فَلَمْ يَكْفِ اسْتِخْلَافُهُ مُطْلَقًا ، وَيَجُوزُ الِاسْتِخْلَافُ فِي الْخُطْبَةِ لِمَنْ سَمِعَ مَا مَضَى مِنْ أَرْكَانِهَا دُونَ غَيْرِهِ عَلَى مَا حَرَّرْته فِي شَرْحِ الْإِرْشَادِ .