Tight Clothing Inside and Outside Prayer

Answered by Shaykh Hamza Karamali, SunniPath Academy Teacher

Do we have to wear jilbabs? If not, does that mean we can pray with pants?

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate

During Prayer: The Minimum 

One of the conditions for the validity of the prayer is “clothing one’s nakedness.” (see Reliance, section f5)  

Shaykh ‘Abd Allah Ba Fadl (Allah have mercy on him) said in his famous text, al-Muqaddima al-Hadramiyya (also knows as Masa’il al-Ta‘lim):

“A condition of the clothing (satir) is that it prevent the colour of the skin (BK: from being perceived in a conversational setting (majlis al-takhatub) by someone of average eyesight, even if it reveals the form of the body (wa in hakaa al-hajm))” (Bushra’l-Karim, 1.92) 

It would therefore be valid to pray in tight clothing.  

Praying in tight clothing is, however, disliked (makruh) for women and “better not to do” (khilaf al-awla) for men. (Hashiyat ‘Abd al-Hamid ‘ala Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, 2.112)  

During Prayer: The Optimum 

The Reliance mentions that is recommended for women to pray in a jilbab (“full length shift”).  It says:  

“f5.6    It is recommended for a woman to wear a covering over her head (khimar), a full length shift, and a heavy slip under it that doesn’t cling to the body.” (Reliance of the Traveller, 122) 

The following section explains the recommended clothing for men during the prayer:  

“f5.7    It is recommended for a man to pray in his best clothes, and to wear an ankle-length shirt and a turban.” (Reliance of the Traveller, 122) 

Outside Prayer 

Outside the prayer, women should not wear tight clothing.  If women can modestly cover themselves with something other than a jilbab (such as a loose skirt and a long shirt, or something else), that would also be okay.

And Allah knows best.

Hamza.