I would like to know if it is necessary to do Sajdah Tilawat if whilst listening to the Quran on a tape/CD, a Sajdah Tilawat ayah is recited.
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
The traditional Hanafi scholars (fuqaha) have stated that there are three situations where the Qur’an recital prostration (sajdah al-tilawah) is not necessary on the listener.
1) Listening to the recitation of a parrot,
2) Listening to the verse of Sajdah by means of echo or reverberation,
3) Listening to the verse recited by an insane person (majnun).
Imam al-Kasani states in his Bada’i al-Sana’i, which is a fundamental reference in Hanafi Fiqh:
“Contrary to the situation where one listens to the verse (ayah) of Sajdah recited by a parrot or listens to it by the echo of a sound, as this is not considered recitation (tilawah). Similarly (m: Sajdah will not be necessary), when one listens to this verse from an insane person, as his recitation is not considered a proper recitation, for he is not competent to judge for himself.” (Bada’i al-Sana’i, 1/186)
Due to the above, contemporary scholars have explained that if an verse of Sajdah was heard on a recording, such as on a tape, CD, etc… then Sajdah al-Tilawah will not be necessary. It is similar to listening to the recitation of a parrot or by reverberation.
However, if it was heard on live broadcast, whether on a Masjid transmitter or a radio, then it will be necessary to perform a Sajdah.
And Allah Knows Best
[Mufti] Muhammad ibn Adam
Leicester , UK